Patrick Caulfield was an English painter and printmaker, known for bold images created in a strikingly graphic style. He studied at Chelsea School Art and the Royal College of Art, where he was a contemporary of Allen Jones and David Hockney.
The theme of the banal, everyday object recurred throughout the artist’s career. Caulfield saw himself as “a ‘formal’ artist”, and as such was drawn to modern masters such as Juan Gris and Georges Braque, who influenced his choice of subject matter and composition. Caulfield sought a visual language that reduced objects and scenes to their simplest forms, which he combined with solid blocks of bold colour.
In 1964, Caulfield was one of the artists included in the New Generation show at the Whitechapel Gallery in London and, the following year, was one of four artists to represent Britain at the Paris Biennale where he was awarded the Prix des Jeunes Artistes. In 1987, Caulfield was nominated for the Turner Prize because of his exhibition at the National Gallery titled The Artist’s Eye. Before the artist’s death in 2005, his work was held in the private collection of David Bowie and he was given a major retrospective exhibition at the Hayward Gallery.